Lesson 3 Module 1
Electrical systems have some inherent dangers: direct dangers (electrocution) or indirect dangers (e.g. causing fires through overheated conductors).
Avoiding these dangers (in particular the latter one) is one of the primary purposes of this course.
This course focuses on DC systems, where there is very little risk of electrical shock. However, most boats will also have at least a minimal AC system on board.
In order to avoid accidents, ALWAYS unplug any shore power connection and turn off any generator or inverter before you start touching any wire on your boat.
You should also make sure that no one accidentally plugs the power back in while you are working on the system. Storing the shore power cord away in a safe place is a good idea while working on your system.
The risks in DC systems are mostly fires caused by undersized conductors and bad connections or short circuits in conductors with missing overcurrent protection devices. But there is also a risk of explosion and chemical burns from lead acid batteries when they are improperly treated and lithium-ion batteries have their own hazards.
A note about our illustrations
In most cases, the drawings and diagrams of circuits shown in this course are meant to give an overview of the devices and their connections. For reasons of simplicity, we sometimes omit the overcurrent protection devices and switches that would be required for a safe operation of the circuit.
Don't simply replicate one of the example circuits, but make sure that all conductors are equipped with the necessary overcurrent protection devices. We will show you how to do this in the relevant lesson in the module on conductors.
Before we start with the course, we have to give you the following disclaimer:
You are responsible for any modification you do on your boat. Even though we created this course to the best of our knowledge and belief, we cannot take responsibility for any damage or harm resulting from following any of the advice given here. Whenever you make changes to your boat's electrical system, make sure to have the system checked by a professional before connecting the power supply.
But now, let's get started with the first module!
Have fun with the course!
Nigel, Michael, & Jan